In this post, you will learn about checking compressor windings or testing compressor windings. As you that in the refrigerator or fridge compressor we have an electric induction motor that rotates the pump. In the fridge, compressors are mostly rated in single phase which has 3 terminals. I already publish a post about the start, run, and common identification guide on this blog.
Checking Compressor Windings Using Multi Meter
As you know that in a single-phase fridge or air conditioner compressor we have internally instilled a single-phase motor that consists of two types of winding which we called main winding (ruining winding) and Auxiliary winding (starting winding). But if the compressor has received the power supply and still not working or running then maybe its starting capacitor or relay is not working. But if you want to test compressor winding then follow the below steps.
Also, Read Below
What is the role of PTC Relay for the fridge compressor?
Why do we use an overload protector with a compressor?
How to Find Out start, run, and common in compressor terminals?
8 refrigeration, not the cooling problem, and how to fix it?
- First of all plug out the fridge’s main electric plug. or switch off the supply which is connected to the fridge.
- Then see the relay and find out which one terminal is common, start and run. The common terminal will be connected to the overload protector or connected directly to the electric supply wire. (note that direct wire was connected in those single phase compressor, in which the overload protector is instilled internally).
- After that finding out the run terminal, in a PTC relay the 2nd supply wire will connect directly to the run terminals of the compressor, which means that the 2nd wire connects to the relay point and that point supply goes to direct a terminal of the compressor will be your run terminal.
- Now you find out the common and run terminal of the fridge compressor. So the other wire will be the start terminal, otherwise, 2nd supply wire will be connected to the start terminal through a capacitor or heating resistor. (note that the heating resistor is instilled internally in the PTC relay).
- Now you find and mark your compressor terminal. Now set your multimeter knob on connectivity text or Ohm. Now connect one lead of the meter to the compressor common and the other connects the compressor uninsulated body place. Continue this process with the start and run terminal.
- Now if you find our connectivity of winding and body then it means that your compressor winding is short with compressor body or winding is uninsulated with iron core. And if have no connectivity between terminals and the body. Then flow the next step.
- The next step is to test their resistance to one another. Test the compressor by unsung the below method. So first read the below post, and flow the method to test the compressor.
- Now if your compressor terminal’s reading shows the same as in the above post then your compressor winding is not burned or if it’s shown different reading between common, start and run then your compressor winding is burned.
- Now if the compressor winding resistance shown the same as I have shown in the identifying compressor example then change your PTC (positive temperature coefficient thermistor) relay and com.. overload protector or capacitor and if still not working then call a professional.
Mostly in some compressors in which the common terminal is on the upper side then the left side will be start and the right-hand side will run the terminal, and Danfoss compressors in which the common terminal on the downside the right side will be the start terminal and left side will be run as I have shown in the below diagram.
How To Test or Check Air Conditioner Compressor Motor Windings
- Now if you want to check the Air conditioner compressor then it’s also too simple, in the air conditioner compressor we have labels in which the R, S, and C are written or parked.
However, if this rubber label is not available or removed then follow the below steps.
- First of all, the terminal of the air conditioner compressor terminal is connected to an overload protector or direct-to-supply wire is your common terminal. Mostly we use white or black color for common. The other supply wire will be connected to a capacitor and to compressor terminal will be your run terminal, mostly in split unit AC the blue color wire is used for the run terminal. And the other wire will be your start terminal which will be connected to the capacitor. Mostly this red color wire is used to start a terminal connection.
- Now set the multimeter on ohm or resistance tasting or use an ohmmeter and check the compressor, following the same method as we use for the fridge compressor terminal. However, let’s see the example.
- If your resistance between common and ruining is lower than the resistance between common and starting then all is right and your compressor winding is in good condition. if that shows different results then the compressor winding is burned or crossed.
If it’s shown good results then flow the steps.
- Now test the compressor shortage between Compr…. terminals with compressor body like fridge compressor and if the meter showed no reading then compressor winding is no shortage with the body and if it’s shown the reading then it means that compressor windings are shortage with compressor body.
- Now if you check the compressor motor windings and do not find any problem and the still compressor did not run then change the capacitor and if still compressor not working then check the overload protector.
As you know the overload protector is connected to the main terminal of the compressor in series and if the compressor overload protector stops working or is internally opens, the compressor also stops working. However, these are simple methods for checking compressor windings of single-phase and now if you have any questions then you can use the below comments section.