Tuesday, November 10, 2015

Contactor Wiring Diagram For 3 Phase Motor with Overload relay

In the industrial system, we use mostly three phases of electric power for electric induction motors. A single-phase induction motor can not do work as a 3 phase can be done. For 3 phase motor, we use some electrical devices for starting, off, and resetting, the magnetic contactor is one of them that's why today we disuse contactor wiring with the complete explanation. In 3 power systems, we use some devices between induction motor and supply which are a CB Circuit breaker, MC magnetic contactor or motor starter, O/L overload relay, and NC, NO push button switches for on/off and reset.

How To Do Contactor Wiring For 3 Phase Induction Motor With 3 Pole Circuit Breaker, Overload Relay, NO, NC Push Button Switches


In this tutorial post, I will tell you about motor contactor wiring and its diagram. But before we will disuse devices and working of these.

3 Pole Circuit Breaker CB

For the 3P power supply, we use to 3 pole circuit breaker for switching supply. Always use a CB before circuit wiring, from this you can make your circuit safe and we will be able to switch off/at any time. You can also use 4 pole breakers, which is very best because you can control also the neutral wire.

MC Magnetic contactor

For 3 phase induction motor start/stop we use always MC contact or. It's is a type of electric relay which can switch the 3 electric connections easily. I also published posts about motor starter working you can see on the below links.
Click here for more information.


O/L Overload Relay

Overload relay is a protective device that makes safe our electric motor from burning during high current flowing to the induction motor. There are two popular types of O/L relay which are thermal overload relay and Electronic overload relay. In this wiring diagram contactor, I have shown the thermal overload relay however soon I will make a diagram about the electronic relay.

NC Normal Close Push Button Switch

For motor contactor wiring we use push button switches for switching on/off the motor. NC means normal close which means that this push button is normally in a close circuit and when we push, it makes an open electric circuit. I show NC with a red color button and NO with Green color.
For details Click here.

NO Normal Open Pushbutton Switch

The Normal open S is normally in an open electric circuit and if a person pushes this NO it makes an NC circuit. For further information visit the below link.
For more info click here.

MC Motor Starter Wiring Diagram With CB, MC, O/L, NO, NC



The symbol diagram is best but everyone can't understand it easily that why I always focus on image+diagram which easy and simple to understand and good for learning. But you know that this diagram designing takes bag time from the time of the symbol diagram. But I love my readers, as I am a student and struggling- for learning. I want to share all things which I learned.
Magnetic contactor relay wiring and circuit breaker, push-button wiring method is simple. And i think that there is no importance to explain more after making a diagram, however, let's get a short tips journey.
For 3 phase motor controlling diagram and procedure, follow the below tips.
  1.  First of all wire the CB Circuit Breaker but do not switch On.
  2. Then Wire push button wiring O/L relay and MC coil, which we can call "small wiring" or "control wiring.
  3. Then wire the overload relay with MC.
  4. Then Do the connection between CB and MC.
  5. Then do a motor supply connection with the Overload relay.
  6. Then connect the earth led wire to the motor body.
You can follow the same method as I have shown in the below contactor wiring diagram for wiring 3 phase motor with circuit breaker, 3 pole motor stater, and overload relay.

contactor wiring diagram

The New Diagram is best So use the New diagram Connection

contactor wiring diagram for 3 phase motor


In the above contactor wiring diagram, I have shown a 3 phase 440 volts 4 wire system. I take one phase and neutral wire for MC coil which 220V, but always wire your contactor coil regarding coil voltage / current requirements. If the coil required 110V to 120V then provide 110 volts supply and if it wants 380 volts to 440V to energize then connect the same required supply. The coil voltage cheat- is near- in coil supply terminal/connection so check it first before starting.
In the overload relay, we have to option which NC and NO. When the overcurrent flow from NC points, it makes an open circuit. Which are shown in the above image with 95-NC-96.
If you want to learn from the symbol contactor wiring diagram then click here.

Message :

The above is an example diagram of contactor wiring with overload relay, and I hope that this diagram helps the newbie very much. But this is only starting and IN SHA ALLAH we will make more best contactor wiring and more tutorials for you.
Stay tuned.... and keep visiting......


19 comments:

  1. 4 phase motor controller panel box full wiring diagram need.pls help

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Dear IN SH ALLAH i will make complete 3 phase 4 wire system panel box wiring.....

      Delete
    2. hello i have 3 phase wiring in my house , i want co connect a 3 phase contactor in such a way that a hotel type key switch can control the contactor . when the keychain is removed the contactor goes off and power to house is cutoff. will the contacting coil work if one or two phases are off

      Delete
  2. hi,
    u added two red wire through nc and no button with the overload. what is that for?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. It is not between nc and no. it is in nc to nc and when over current flow the overload relay will make an Normally open connection between these two nc points and current is stop flowing to contactor / stater coil.

      Delete
    2. Thank you for your most valuable contribution to spreading knowledge. The pictorial wiring diagram is genius. Thank you.
      Regards
      Deo Winter

      Delete
    3. if there wering asked ATS to genset..thanks Sikandar Haidar..!!?

      Delete
  3. Thanx Sikandar for the valuable information.

    can you show a Distribution Board Wiring For three Phase Wiring, with options for a couple 220v single phase connections.

    Example. I have a 3phase engine suppling power to a 3phase borehole pump/motor with a switch the one above in your example. But i want some single phase connections on the DB for
    my single phase power tools. e.g. grinder,drill and welding machine and light for the pump house. How do i connect up..

    Thanx

    kgabo

    ReplyDelete
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    ReplyDelete
  5. Hi, I enjoyed your work. What is the circuit diagram use to connect dispensing pump in petrol stations ?

    ReplyDelete
  6. Hi, I enjoyed your work. What is the circuit diagram use to connect dispensing pump in petrol stations ?


    One, Timothy Obinna

    ReplyDelete
  7. Hi! Great diagram! Thanks! Just one question...how would I wire up 2 on/off stations?

    ReplyDelete
  8. DjazakaAllahu hayran bro ! May Allah bless you for your helping ! Keep it going. As-Salamu aleykum from Turkmenistan.

    ReplyDelete
  9. Hey, this day is too much good for me, since this time I am reading this enormous informative article here at my home. Thanks a lot for massive hard work. irf540 replacement

    ReplyDelete
  10. where does it goes those two red wires form the relay

    ReplyDelete
  11. It's good to know what you guys are doing in the Electrical field. It's going to us from those quack connection that is causing most accidents

    ReplyDelete