We use three-phase motors mostly in many places, in this post you will learn the dol starter wiring diagram 3 phase with complete circuit breaker, contactor, and overload relay diagram step by step. We required some electrical things for three-phase motor wiring which are below.
3-phase induction motor
3-core electric cable
Three-phase 4 wire system supply (three-phase and one neutral)
A circuit breaker
A contactor or starter
An overload relay
and flexible wiring cable for controlling the wiring
Normal close push button
Normal open push button
Before we start talking about the wiring and wiring diagram, first we disuse the above substance. We required 3 core cable, a three-core cable is a cable that has an internal three-electric cable mostly in red, yellow, and blue colours. The three-phase 4-wire system supply means that we need 3 phase electric supply and one neutral wire. Note that we use the neutral wire for contactor coil wiring which we called the control wiring.
We also required the circuit breaker which is a 3 pole circuit breaker or circuit breaker which can cut off the 3 electrical connections at the same time.
A normal close push button (NC) means that we need a push-button which normally has a close electric circuit and when we push it then the button switch off the connection or changes to the open electric circuit.
The normal open push button means that we need a push-button which have an open electric circuit in a normal state and when we push it then it’s changed to the close electric circuit.
Dol Starter wiring diagram for three-phase motor
To wire a 3-phase motor the first thing to wire is a circuit breaker which is a disconnect and connecting point then we will get the supply from the circuit breaker and connect the supply to the contactor or starter and then to the overload relay. We connect the circuit breaker, contactor, and overload relay in series between the electrical supply and motor as shown in the below diagram.
Contactor and Overload Relay Wiring
In a contractor, we have a magnetic coil that is used for switching. We have also NC and No point in a contactor which we can use for many connections. In the overload relay, we have input and output points. Normally overload points have a close electric circuit between point but whenever the ampere or load is getting high the overload relay switch off or make an open electric circuit between these two points or connection. So we wire the overload relay in series between the contactor coil current.
So for contactor wiring first of all connect the neutral wire to the contactor coil’s first terminal and then connect a wire from the one output terminal of the circuit breaker which is the opposite or phase current for the contactor coil. In this process, the control wiring which is contactor wiring is also controlled by a breaker, and when we switch off the breaker, the contactor will stop working auto.
The control wiring wire which connects from the breaker output terminal will go to the NC push button and then from NC push to the overload relay and NO push button as shown in the above diagram. Then we connect a wire between the 2nd terminal of the overload relay and this wire goes to the NO point of the contactor and then from NO point wire is goes to the 2nd terminal of the contactor coil.
Then at last, we connect a wire between the NO push button switch and the contactor 2nd terminal of the coil where we connect the phase wire of the contactor as shown in the above diagram. And this wire connection is called tech current.
Note that in all wiring use the best quality breaker, push-button switches, contactor, and overload relay. If your overload relay is not good then it will not trip and if the overload relay does not trip or does not switch the point then it will be a case of your motor burn. Note that do all wiring controllable from the circuit breaker as I showed in the above diagram.
Note that always connect the earth wire to the motor, and adjust the overload relay ampere by using the adjustment switch.
I spend more than 2 hours on this article writing and designing DOL Starter Wiring Diagram 3 Phase Motor diagram, so if you learn some important things then it’s your responsibility to share. Now if you have any questions regarding the 3 phase motor wiring diagram then you can ask me in the below comment section.